A lot of people want to start a career in Human Resources (HR) or switch from their current career. This is because Human resources is a fast-growing field with many opportunities. Human resources is a field that is unlikely to ever be fully automated because the necessity of complex human interaction in HR will prevent machines from completely taking over.
The number of Human resources jobs is expected to continue growing, which makes it a very good field to begin your career.
How to Begin a Career in HR as a Graduate
To start a career in Human resources (HR) you have to first understand what HR is all about. The idea of human resources is to ensure that an organization employs the correct balance of staff to help it achieve its goals.
The HR in an organization handles the well-being of employees and employee-related administrative tasks such as
- Recruitment: You will be required to hire new staff as requested by the management. The level of autonomy varies from company to company. You will perform interviews, post job openings on job boards, participate in training employees on company policies and procedures.
- Payroll: Handling employees remunerations. Assisting employees with payroll related questions and problems.
- Promote equality and diversity throughout the organization
- Working closely with other departments within the company to ensure that employees and lower-level management understand company policies and procedures.
- Creating and implementing employee handbooks as requested by management.
- Advising the company management about employment legal issues.
Now you have an idea about the duties of the human resource department in an organization, the next thing is to know the skills you need to succeed.
Skills & Tools to Succeed in Human Resource Career
HR is a people-centric role, you will be required to communicate with the management and all employees on a regular basis. To succeed as an HR professional you must know how to communicate effectively. Effective communication in the workplace course shows you how to go about this.
Basic Computer Skills
You should be able to use word processing and data analysis programs/packages like:
- Microsoft Word: Microsoft Word is used heavily in the human resources department. You will use it to draft documents like the employee handbook, job descriptions, training materials, and internal memos.
- Microsoft Excel: You will use Microsoft Excel to handling reports, payroll and other documentation involving employees.
- Microsoft Powerpoint: While handling employee training and onboarding processes, you will use PowerPoint to create slideshow presentations.
As a HR person you will be interacting with people often, you will need to have the ability to understand, use, and manage your own emotions in positive ways to relieve stress, communicate effectively, empathize with others, overcome challenges and defuse conflict.
Human Resource Management Processes
You will also need basic training in Human resource management to help you understand several human resource management processes like recruitment processes, performance evaluation, reward management, employee relations etc. Human Resources Management Fundamentals course is a good place to start.
Job Prospects and Earnings in Human Resources
Demand for HR roles is increasing and will keep increasing in the future. Entry-level HR professionals in Nigeria earn between N70,000 and N150,000 monthly, while mid-level HR professionals earn between N200,000 and N500,000 monthly and senior-level professionals earn over N500,000 monthly.
Are Certifications Required to start a career in Human Resources?
Certifications are not required to begin a career in HR, however, as you go further you might need to acquire some certifications to help you progress your HR career and grow into senior roles.
There are several HR certifications such as the
- Professional in Human Resources (PHR)
- Senior Professional in Human Resources (SPHR)
- Human Resources Certification Institute (HRCI)
Also, Certified HR professionals make substantially more money than their uncertified peers.